The ruins of Machu Pichu, the last holdout of the Inca Empire, near Cuzco, Peru

by Pilar Valenzuela

Quechua is a South American language family with about 8,000,000 speakers, most of whom inhabit the Andes mountains of Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador. Quechua was the official language of the Tawantinsuyu or Inca Empire before the Spanish invasion of 1532. For hundreds of years Cuzco, in what is now Peru, was the capital of the Inca empire. The sentences below represent the variety of Quechua currently spoken in Cuzco and in the area around Lake Titicaca.

The following are some sentences in Quechua, with their translations in mixed-up order. Indicate which translation goes with each Quechua sentence by placing the letter of the correct translation in the space provided:

1. Antukaq chakranpiqa t'ikashanmi papa. ____

2. Siskuq chakranpiqa wi˝ashanmi sara. ____

3. Siskuq chakranpiqa rurushansi kiw˝a. ____

4. Antukaq chakranpiqa t'ikashanchß kiw˝a.____

5. Siskuq chakranpiqa wi˝ashansi sara. ____

6. Antukaq chakranpiqa wi˝ashanchß papa. ____

A. Potatoes may be growing in Antuka's field.

B. Barley may be flowering in Antuka's field.

C. Corn is growing in Sisku's field.

D. I've heard corn is growing in Sisku's field.

E. I've heard barley is yielding fruit in Sisku's field.

F. Potatoes are flowering in Antuka's field.

Now, provide English translations for the following Quechua sentences:

7. Istuchaq chakranpiqa t'ikashansi sara.

8. Sawinaq chakranpiqa wi˝ashanchß kiw˝a.

9. Tumasaq chakranpiqa rurushanmi papa.

10. Kusiq chakranpiqa t'ikashanchß papa.

11. Inashuq chakranpiqa rurushansi kiw˝a.